‘Hot’ diseases for which parents should watch out in summer

‘Hot’ diseases for which parents should watch out in summer ‘Hot’ diseases for which parents should watch out in summer ‘Hot’ diseases for which parents should watch out in summer

            Thailand is now entering the summer season, so the weather here is very hot and stuffy. Such hot weather may affect our health, making babies easily get sick. At present, there are many diseases usually found in little children. Followings are the diseases and how to take care of the young ones:

1. Heat stroke is a fatal condition that comes with hot weather, especially in children under 5 years of age, who are prone to develop it easily. The disease is normally caused by hot temperature so extremely that the baby's body cannot adjust to it. The body’s temperature therefore rises. Sometimes it can be as high as 40 degrees, causing the heart and circulatory system to malfunction.

Symptoms: Your baby will suffer from a red face, a red body without any sweating but lethargy, confusion and restlessness.

Prevention: Do not let children play under the sunlight for too long in the hot weather. Try to keep them in the shade. A damp cloth may be used to help reduce body heat by rubbing it gently on children’s body. Children should wear light clothing for good heat dissipation.

2. Diarrhea due to inflammatory intestine or food poisoning Hot and humid climates allow bacteria to thrive in food. This makes food contaminated with bacteria and can easily cause infections, such as dysentery or cholera.

Symptoms: Babies will have fever, vomiting, abdominal pain, bloody or watery diarrhea. They may eat less and may suffer from dehydration, seepage, little urination.

Prevention: Children should always eat well-cooked, clean, and fresh food and definitely avoid raw one. Leftover milk must not be consumed at all. If babies can't finish drinking it all, parents should throw it away and avoid putting it back in the refrigerator and letting children drink it again. Children should always wash hands before eating. Parents must wipe and clean toys and utensils that children like to put in their mouth regularly.

3. heat rash  Hot weather makes your baby sweat a lot, thus causing a rash from clogged sweat glands and resulting in clear red blisters, and irritation from sweats. The rash is usually found on the forehead, neck, and chest.

Symptoms: Children’s skin will develop a rash, a red or a clear blister in areas where a lot of sweating occurs, such as the head, neck, chest, and itching may often take place.

Prevention: Avoid taking your child for a walk in the heat of daytime. Wipe or compress the rash with cold water to help relieve itching, or let children take a shower to help cool off their body. Children’s nails should be cut to prevent from using them to scratch. Children must wear light, breathable clothing, such as cotton. As the surface of the buttocks, where the diaper is worn, is prone to rashes because of humidity, so parents should choose a well-absorbent diaper with excellent breathability which will keep children’s skin dry and comfortable, and does not allow the skin around the baby's bottom to become damp while wearing. This will reduce chances of developing any rash, enabling children to wear the diaper all day long.

4. Flu or influenza is a respiratory disease that can be found all year round. It is caused by infection with the flu virus through the respiratory tract. This disease is easy to get infected and may have great symptoms in young children.

Symptoms: Your baby will have fever, cough, runny nose, nasal congestion, sore throat, sneezing, headache, and shortness of breath.

Prevention: Avoid being around people who are infected with the disease, coughing or sneezing. Most importantly, little children should get an annual flu vaccination once a year to prevent the disease.


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